Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency starts with Mindfulness that allows the individual learner the focus needed to construct meanings of new concepts. Initially, human nature is focused on immediate survival causing individuals to be concerned with fear factors in the contextual relationships. In this regard, child learning and adult learning are significantly different.
Young adults are in an ambiguous stage in which they must determine their position in society, vis-a-vis the classroom setting. How they react to their peers and the authority figure is crucial to learning. Decisions are made ad hoc, on the spot, and could affect their learning both short and long term.
Teachers must be aware that their support in language learning is crucial for student success in the classroom.