The operation of the mind is central to our lives, and what we believe concerning the mind directs and determines our inquiry and how we approach life’s complexities, issues and problems. Consider the human brain which is made of both grey and white matter; soft tissue and cells, yet for some unknowable reason such matter has conscious and even unconscious thoughts, ideas, and perhaps intentionality. But while it may be theoretical for a brain to survive outside its body with artificial life support, our bodies along with our brains work as a whole. Such life systems operate as a whole; the parts of the organism interacting along with its environment. This basic model can be seen in systems through out the world; our bodies as examples of systems thinking theory. Yet, for many outdated reasons, we continue to the view these whole systems as parts. Education, pedagogy, and learning continue to reflect reductionist thinking when such thinking is fragmented and detrimental.
“Philosophy of the mind has become central to contemporary philosophy, as the philosophy of language was before. Consciousness will be next.
The I-E debate. and the Gettier problem.
Because this dissertation deals with a paradigm shift in second language acquisition, it is neccessary to deal specifically with the question of knowledge.